What’s the difference between plant and animal cells?
There are a few differentiating factors that differentiate plant and animal cells. The two most obvious are that plant cells have a cell wall outside of the cell membrane that give it a rigid rectangular shape. In contrast animal cells only have a cell membrane. Plant cells also have chloroplasts, which allow for photosynthesis to occur.
There are also some additional differences:
Animal cells are generally smaller in size and store energy as the complex carbohydrate glycogen, whereas plant cells store energy as starch.
There are 20 essential amino acids needed to produce proteins in living creatures. Of those 20, only 10 can be produced by animal cells naturally and the rest are obtained through diet. Plant cells are capable of producing all 20.
Animal cells contain cilia that are like small hairs surrounding the cell that aid in locomotion. Plant cells do not have this.
The following is a more in depth dive into the differences: Differences Between Plant and Animal Cells